Emergency 01332 678333
Pride Veterinary Centre 01332 678333
Hilton 01283 732999
Mickleover 01332 518585
Oakwood 01332 666500
Park Farm 01332 554422
Shelton Lock 01332 700321
Stapenhill 01283 568162
Stretton 01283 565333
Alfreton 01773 304900
Wollaton 0115 697 6586
Langley Mill 01773 304914

If you are looking to book a cat vaccination, please be aware that there is an ongoing shortage of some cat vaccines affecting all UK Veterinary practices. Find out more here.

Dog Vaccinations

Vaccinating your dog throughout their life is an important way of keeping them happy and healthy

Vaccinating Your Dog

Vaccinations boost your dog’s immunity and act as the first line of defence against some very nasty, and potentially fatal diseases.


These diseases are usually spread by physical contact, picked up from the environment or be airborne so dogs are always at risk when out and about and meeting other dogs.


Vaccination not only protects your dog, but helps prevent the spread of diseases to other pets and their owners too.


Remember prevention is better than cure!

What Are The Core Diseases That We Vaccinate Dogs Against?

There are four ‘core diseases’ that we vaccinate dogs against, most of which are highly contagious and often difficult to treat and unfortunately can prove fatal.

These diseases are usually spread by physical contact, picked up from the environment or are airborne so dogs are always at risk when out and about and meeting other dogs.

  • Canine Infectious Hepatitis (CAV)
  • Canine Parvo Virus (CPV)
  • Distemper
  • Leptospirosis

Canine Infectious Hepatitis (CAV)

This is caused by Canine Adenovirus. It is more commonly seen in animals under 1 year, but all unvaccinated dogs are susceptible. This virus is spread by direct contact with infected urine, saliva and faeces and the virus can live in the environment for months.

Incubation period is 4-7 days.

The virus targets the liver, kidneys, eyes and lungs.

The clinical signs can include:

  • Lack of appetite
  • Fever
  • Pale gums
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Coughing
  • Abdominal pain
  • Vomiting and diarrhoea
  • And many develop jaundice.

In some cases, the disease can cause sudden death with no clinical signs having been apparent.

Treatment is again supportive to reduce the severity of clinical signs as there is no specific treatment while the virus runs its course.

Vaccination against Canine adenovirus gives a three-year immunity before the vaccine needs repeating.

Canine Parvo Virus (CPV)

This is more commonly seen in dogs under 1 year but can also be seen in unvaccinated dogs, this is one of the preventable diseases that we do see.

The disease is spread via infected faeces and the virus is highly resistant, which means it can survive in the environment for months on bowls, carpets, kennels and grass and can be spread on shoes, clothes and hands.

Incubation period is 5-7 days

Clinical signs include:

  • Depression
  • Inappetence
  • Weight loss
  • Abdominal pain
  • Vomiting
  • Smelly, bloody diarrhoea

There are no drugs that will kill the parvo virus, so treatment of infected dogs usually involves hospitalisation and intensive supportive care, unfortunately some dogs will die from parvo virus infection.

Vaccination against parvo gives a three-year immunity before the vaccine needs repeating.


This viral infection is spread through the air by aerosol droplets and direct contact with infected dogs, once again there is no known cure for the Distemper virus. This virus cannot survive easily in the environment.

Incubation period is usually 1-2 weeks but can be as long as 4-5 weeks.

Early signs of the disease include runny eyes, nose and a persistent cough with a high temperature.

This is followed by lethargy and tiredness, loss of appetite, vomiting and diarrhoea.

In later stages dogs may develop thickened foot pads known as ‘hard pad’. This can then progress to neurological signs such as fits and paralysis.

Again, there is no specific treatment other than supportive care with fluids, medication to help with the vomiting, diarrhoea and fits. If treatment is started early there is a good chance of a dog making a full recovery however if neurological signs have developed it is more likely to cause ongoing health problems or death.

Vaccination against Distemper virus gives a three-year immunity before the vaccine needs repeating.


This is a bacterial infection which is spread via the urine of an infected animal. This is either by direct contact with infected urine or via contact with contaminated water. Rats and other rodents are usually the source although infected dogs can pass out the bacteria in their urine.

Incubation is anywhere form 4-20 days.

Leptospirosis can have a wide range of symptoms but soon after infection a high temperature can develop. The bacteria can then cause severe liver or kidney disease. Dogs may show varying symptoms including lethargy, vomiting, anorexia, abdominal pain, urinating more frequently or only passing very small amounts or urine or no urine whatsoever, if the liver is affected they may also develop a yellow tinge to the whites of their eyes or gums.

Treatment is a combination of supportive care and specific antibiotics.

Vaccination against Leptospirosis gives a year of immunity so annual vaccination is required to provide cover.

Prevention is better than cure


We answer some common questions about dog vaccinations in our vaccination guide.


Click below to check it out.

Dog Vaccination Guide: FAQs

Vaccination Protocol

We use Nobivac vaccines DHP which covers against Distemper, Infectious Hepatitis and Parvo and Nobivac L4, which covers against the common strains of leptospirosis present in the UK.

Puppies will require a course of two vaccinations.

  1. 1st vaccine puppies need to be at least 6 weeks of age for this vaccine
  2. 2nd vaccine can be given 2-4 weeks apart, but puppies must be at least 10 weeks of age to have this vaccine

When Can They Go Out For Walks?

Immunity is achieved after one week with the DHP part of the vaccine so your puppy with be able to go out for walks on pavements around the streets a week after their second vaccination, but due to the risk of Leptospirosis and immunity not being achieved for 2 weeks after the second vaccine we advise that you avoid ponds, streams and other sources of water or where there is a risk of rats being present where leptospirosis may be a risk.

Booster Vaccination

Due to the different length of time immunity is achieved for these diseases we use a rolling vaccination protocol for booster vaccinations. This minimises the number of vaccines that are given but ensures each dog is adequately protected against disease.

  • Year 1 Booster – Nobivac DHP and Nobivac L4
  • Year 2 Booster – Nobivac L4
  • Year 3 Booster – Nobivac L4
  • Year 4 booster – Nobivac DHP and Nobivac L4
  • and so on

Kennel Cough

Although this not a core vaccine we do advise Kennel Cough vaccination. Dogs of any age can be affected but the disease can be more severe in puppies, elderly animals or those with underlying medical conditions.

To give it its official name Canine Infectious Tracheobronchitis is a highly contagious disease of a dog’s respiratory tract and contrary to its common name it is not only a disease that is picked up in kennels but any dog that comes into close contact with other dogs is at risk. It is caused by the bacteria Bordatella bronchiseptica and the Canine Parainfluenza Virus. It is spread via aerosols form infected dogs coughing and sneezing.

Incubation period ranges from 3-10 days.

The signs include a harsh dry cough which sounds like they have something stuck in their throat. They may also cough up white froth. The cough can be made worse by exercise and pulling on the lead. They may also have runny eyes and nose. They often remain bright but can develop a temperature.

If they catch kennel cough, many animals will be able to fight the disease themselves. Although clinical signs can persist for up to 6 weeks, medication such as anti-inflammatories can help to alleviate the clinical signs. Vaccination against kennel cough is not 100% effective but having your dog vaccinated will greatly reduce their chances of picking up Kennel cough and reduce the severity of the clinical signs.


We use Nobivac KC which offers protection against both Bordatella bronchiseptica and Canine Parainfluenza Virus.

Dogs must be at least 3 weeks of age to start vaccination and immunity is achieved with a single intranasal vaccination.

Immunity against Bordatella bronchiseptica is achieved after 72hours and Canine Parainfluenza Virus after 3 weeks. Annual vaccination is recommended.

Return to Pet Vaccinations
Return to Services