When kittens are born they have some immunity against diseases from their mothers, this comes via the placenta and the colostrum (mothers first milk) as time goes by this immunity decreases which is why we vaccinate.
Vaccinating your cat throughout its life is important as over time immunity will wane.
By keeping your cat’s vaccines up to date, it is a way of keeping them happy, healthy and protecting them against certain diseases that are often difficult or impossible to treat and can be fatal.
Remember prevention is better than cure!
Cats of all ages, sizes and breeds are susceptible however cats with a poor immune system, kittens and flat faced breeds i.e. Persians can show more severe clinical signs.
Direct contact – through saliva, ocular or nasal secretions, sharing of food bowls and litter trays, contaminated environment this is less important as the virus can only survive for a sort time.
The incubation period of the disease is 2-5 days.
Clinical signs include ocular and nasal discharge, conjunctivitis, sneezing, fever and loss of appetite.
Once infected, cats will remain carriers of the disease. Although they will not always show clinical signs they can be infectious at times of stress. When their immune system is reduced they may develop clinical signs and shed the virus again.
Immunity with vaccination lasts for one year so protection requires an annual booster.
The incubation period is 2-6 days.
Clinical signs include ocular or nasal discharge, difficulty breathing, corneal ulcers, gingivitis, stomatitis (inflammation/ulceration of the oral cavity) and fever. In younger cats it can cause arthritis and limping.
Immunity with vaccination lasts for one year so once again protection requires an annual booster
The above disease come under the heading ‘cat flu’
Spread is by direct faecal-oral contact, indirectly following contamination of the environment or objects (e.g. on food dishes, grooming equipment, bedding, floors, clothing or hands).
Cats infected with FIE can continue to excrete the virus for at least six weeks following infection. This virus can live in the environment for months to years and is resistant to many disinfectants.
The incubation period is usually less than 14 days with clinical signs including variable temperature – raised initially then low, often haemorrhagic vomiting and diarrhoea. The virus can then travel via the blood to the bone marrow and lymph glands which can lead to a marked decrease in white blood cells.
Pregnant cats can pass the virus to their unborn kittens, which can then interfere with the development of the brain causing co-ordination problems.
Immunity with vaccination lasts for three years.
This virus does not survive in the environment for any length of time. Incubation period of the disease can be 8 weeks but up to several years. Although not all infected cats will develop clinical signs unfortunately 80-90% of infected cats will die within 3-4 years of FeLV diagnosis.
There is a very long list of clinical signs that can be associated with FeLV infection – frequent infections of all kinds due reduction in the bodies normal immune responses, weight loss, fever, lethargy, nervous signs (such as problems walking), and recurrent diarrhoea, lethargy, weakness and pale gums and tongue due to anaemia (low red blood cell count).
The FeLV virus has the ability to cause tumours for example leukaemia (cancer of the bone marrow) and lymphoma (cancer of the white blood cells) – this can be seen as lumps around the body both externally and internally.
Annual revaccination is recommended.
Immunity will be achieved between 3-4 weeks after vaccination
For outdoor cats we also recommend vaccinating against FeLV using Nobivac FeLV, initially a course of two injections are required.
Nobivac Tricat Trio and Nobivac FeLV can be given at the same time so your cats will be fully covered in two visits. During both consultations we will ensure your cat is fit and well.
and so on
For cats vaccinated against FeLV we recommend a yearly booster vaccination.