There are a variety of options and routes available to you:
- AFU – Selling your cattle to an approved finishing unit enables rearing, fattening and finishing of cattle from both TB restricted and unrestricted herds. A list of AFUs is available via the TB Hub website, under the trading and movements section.
AFUs can only be licenced by APHA in High Risk and Edge areas of England and High Risk areas of Wales. AFUs can be grazed (under very specific biosecurity conditions) or housed and cattle held in both can only ever then move to either slaughter or another AFU.
- TB dedicated sale (orange market) – These are licenced and approved by APHA and a list of such sales is on the TB Hub website by county or via www.sellmylivestock.co.uk. The sales provide an option for more competitive trading for clear tested animals from TB restricted herds. Movement following the sale is licenced to either an AFU or direct to slaughter.
- TB approved slaughter (red market) – Again, these must be licenced and approved by APHA and will provide an option for more competitive trading for clear tested animals from TB restricted herds to be sold straight to slaughter.
General Movements Rules To Remember
Once a holding has lost its officially tuberculosis free (OTF) status, any movements of live cattle on or off the holding can only be allowed via licence from APHA. A licence can be obtained from the TB licensing team at APHA, who will assess risk of the proposed movement.
No movements of cattle can occur off a TB restricted holding with reactors on, before the first short interval test, except movements straight to slaughter or to an AFU, TB collection or orange market.
So, What Are Your Options?
Cattle moving off a TB restricted holding to one of the options below and not to slaughter, must have passed a TB test (pre-movement) within a certain time period.
1. Movement to AFU – this requires a clear test within 90 days of movement – this is suitable for calves (rearing AFUs) and stores/culls (finishing AFUs).
2. Movement to TB dedicated sale (orange market) – this requires a clear test within 90 days of movement, with the exception of calves under 42 days of age at the time of movement.
3. Movement to TB approved slaughter gathering (red market) – this requires a clear test within 90 days of movement, with the exception of calves under 42 days of age at the time of movement.
4. Movement direct to slaughter – there is no test required for this and movement can occur under general licence. Cattle must not be reactors, IRs, or direct contact cattle as these will need a separate specific licence.
5. Movement to another TB restricted holding – this requires a clear test within 30 days of movement.
6. Movement to TB isolation unit – this requires a clear test within 30 days of movement, with the exception of calves under 42 days of age at the time of movement.
If you have any questions, feel free to discuss with your vet next time they are on farm or give us a call on 01332 294929. We are still carrying out TB Advisory visits, so if you have suffered a breakdown recently book in a free TB Advisory visit and get to the bottom of your outbreak.